First Cycle Programmes    (Bachelor's Degree)
Bachelor - Faculty of Arts and Sciences - Biology
General Description  |  Key Learning Outcomes  |  Course Structure Diagram with Credits
General Description ^
History
The Biology Department at the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Marmara University in Fındıkzade was founded in July 1987. The first academic year began in 1996 . The department moved from Fındıkzade to the central campus in Göztepe in 1991. Professor Dr. Meral Unal has been appointed as a chair of Biology Department since 2003. Starting from 2005, Biology Department signed double major diploma and minor certificate protocols with Chemistry and Physics Departments of Faculty of Arts and Sciences and with Environmental and Metallurgy and Material Science Departments of Faculty of Engineering. Marmara University participated LLP/Erasmus Program in 2002 as pilot university and became one of the few universities that had received Erasmus Certificate. Chemistry Department is an active member of LLP/Erasmus Exchange Program since 2007. Our department has bilateral agreements with many distinguished universities. Erasmus Program enables Teaching Staff to teach and learn and get integrated to Europe together with student mobilities
Qualification Awarded
Bachelor of Science in Biology. (MS and PhD degrees are also offered incorporation with Institute for Graduate Studies in Pure and Applied Sciences.)
Specific Admission Requirements
High school diploma and placement through a centralised exam to a national university (YGS)
Specific Arrangements For Recognition Of Prior Learning (Formal, Non-Formal and Informal)
Students who have registered to our department for the first time are required to take an English Exam at the beginning of their first year that is prepared by the language school of Marmara University. Depending on their score, students may either be exempted from the mandatory preparation school or start their language education from a suitable level. Students who are registered in Biology Department of another university in Turkey are able to apply to our department based on their GPA and quota of our department. If such students are accepted, they may be exempted from some of the courses they have succeded in the previous university based on the decision of the Commission for Exemption and Administrative Board of the Faculty. Higher Educational Council do not accept apprenticeship and industrial certificates for exemption of courses.Transfer from Short Cycle education is also possible. Students gaining Short Cycle degrees should enter “Direct Transfer Test” (DGS) that is centrally organized by Student Selection and Placement Center (ÖSYM). Such students may be exempted from some of the courses they have succeded in the previous Short Cycle programs based on the decision of the Commission for Exemption and Administrative Board of the Faculty.
Qualification Requirements and Regulations
http://llp.marmara.edu.tr/regulations.pdf
Profile of The Programme
The Department is one of the leading biology and research establishments in Turkey that offers teaching, and academic research methods in modern biology. The faculty members are comprised of internationally respected research scientists, and the department is successful in attracting major research grants. The students are strongly encouraged to take advantage of the opportunity to pursue international scholarship programs through Erasmus Student Network. Students have the opportunity to take some of the elective courses in English during their academic years. ‘Very successful Students’ with a GPA of higher than 3.00 are offered the chance to get a second diploma or certificate in Chemistry, Metal and Materials Engineering, and Environmental Engineering. The academic personnel consists of 8 professors, 4 associate professors, 4 assistant professors and 9 teaching assistants. The Department has six major subdivisions of biology as, ‘Plant Diseases and Microbiology, Botanics, General Biology, Hydrobiology, Molecular Biology and Zoology’. Curriculum: The curriculum consists of four types of courses and the laboratory applications. 1. Compulsory courses: These are courses that students are obliged to take in the program which are made of six major branches of Biology (Plant Diseases and Microbiology, Botanics, General Biology, Hydrobiology, Molecular Biology and Zoology) and including major science courses as mathematics, biostatistic, chemistry and physics. 2. Mutual learning courses (compulsory) Courses that are regulated by the Council of Higher Education of Turkey, in the subclause (i) of the first clause of the 5th article of the Code numbered 2547, such as Ataturk's Principles and the History of Turkish Renovation, Turkish Language, and Foreign Language courses. 3. Elective courses (in BYL-S codes): Courses offered in the program, which are left to students’ option. These can be interdisciplinary courses or courses which will expand the students capacities and skills and are offered in the third and fourth year of the curriculum.
Occupational Profiles of Graduates With Examples
Our recent graduates have found positions in official or private sectors in hospitals, industrial and pharmaceutical enterprises, in diagnostic and research laboratories, in marketing fields and in positions as teaching and research assistants in distinguished universities of Turkey, all over the world. The graduates who have also completed the pedagogical courses have found jobs in the field of education as biology teachers.
Access to Further Studies
Graduate degrees (M.S., Ph.D) are offered by the Biology Department in Biology programme through the Institute for Graduate Studies in Pure and Applied Sciences. A number of research groups are quite productive in the field and publish in internationally respected journals. These research areas are: food microbiology, microbial ecosystems, diagnostic microbiology, industrial microbiology, water microbiology, identification of macrofungi and microfungi, beneficial and harmful microfungi, hide industry, biosensors, classical and molecular taxonomy of microorganisms, halophilic bacteria and archaea, clinical microbiology, antimicrobial agents, ecology, floristic, plant pathology, phytosociology, lichenology, endemic plants, plant systematics and morphology, plant molecular systematics, plant physiology, plant salt stress studies, plant developmental biology, effects of chemicals on plant development, molecular marker studies in plant biotechnology, plant tissue culture, genotoxicity studies, human molecular cardiology, human molecular endocrinology, human transcriptomics, human metabolomics, human pharmacogenomics, human nutrigenomics, human polymorphism studies, human gene expression profiling and human cell cultures, aquatic ecosystems, heavy metals, pesticides, the other environmental pollutants adversely effecting invertebrates and vertebrates, fresh water ecology, limnology, fish reproductive biology, genomics and proteomics, toxicology, genotoxicology and nanotoxicology,animal physiology, the production of insect whis are used in biological control, environmental factors affecting animal physiology. Many graduates with M.S and Ph. D degrees have found working opportunities in the industry and obtained research facilities and are preferred by the distinguished universities.
Examination Regulations, Assessment and Grading
For the evaluation of each course, a semester-evaluation and a final examination is held and scheduled by the instructors in the relevant dates of the academic calendar. Evaluation of the semester includes a midterm exam, homeworks, preparation of projects, laboratory practices and recitation sections. Each evaluation is based on a 100 grade system and overall semester-evaluation grade has a 40% contribution to the overall score. Final examination is based on a 100 grade system and the grade contributes 60% to the overall score. No second final exams are given. Marmara University uses Relative Grading System and a grading scale of 4.00. At the end of the semester, all grades given over 100 are transferred to Relative Grading System (BDS). For details:http://www.marmara.edu.tr/dosya/mevzuat/on-lisans.pdf
Graduation Requirements
Students who have successfully completed all courses in the curriculum (240 ECTS Credits) and have a minimum Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of 2.00/4.00 may graduate. Students who have completed the first two years of their education may get a short cycle diploma. Applications for short cycle diploma do not have any deadline. Students who have succeeded in all the required courses but have a GPA of less than 2.00 are not allowed to graduate. However, these students may be given the chance of following the third and fourth year courses that they select and approve their scores and overall GPA. Students who have only one failed course prior to graduation are given a chance to enter an exam for that course. Double major diploma or minor certificate are not given to students who have not achieved to graduate from their main major. On the other hand, diploma of the main major is given even if the double major or minor certificate requirements are not fulfilled. Minor certificate can be given to students who have not fulfilled double major requirements but fulfilled the minor requirements. Turkish and English diploma suppliments are given to graduates together with their undergraduate diploma. In these suppliments, the qualifications of the education, GPA of the graduate and type of the diploma are stated. For details: http://www.marmara.edu.tr/dosya/mevzuat/yeni/mu_yonetmelik_onlisans_lisans_v36.pdf
Mode of Study (Full-Time, Part-Time, E-Learning )
Full-Time
Address, Programme Director or Equivalent
Prof. Dr. Meral ÜNAL (Head of the Department) Marmara Üniversitesi Göztepe Kampüsü Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi Biyoloji Bölümü 34722 Göztepe-İstanbul Tel: 00 90 216 346 45 53 / 1354, 1209 e-mail: meralunal@marmara.edu.tr Prof. Dr. Meral BİRBİR(Department Erasmus Coordinator) Tel: 00 90 216 346 45 53 / 1330 e-mail: mbirbir@marmara.edu.tr
Facilities
Qualified students and equipped research laboratories: Agarose gel electrophoresis, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, Genome analysis, DNA sequencing, thermal cycler, spectrophotometry, cell and tissue culture systems, plant growth room, fluorescence microscope, microtome, herbarium.
Key Learning Outcomes ^
1 Students will understand and apply the theories and basic principles of biology.
2 Students will be able to recognise, conserve and monitor the diversity of natural plants, animals and microorganisms with relevant techniques.
3 Students will be able to identify the cells, tissues and systems of organisms.
4 Students will be able to design and analyze experiments to conduct and interpret their results.
5 Students will be able to understand information about the systematic features of organisms, their structures and functions and the ecological and physiological relationships.
6 Students will be able to investigate the relationships between organisms and the relationship with their environment and to apply monitoring techniques.
7 Students will be able to understand the latest developments in the field of biology and related technology.
8 Students will gain the ability to carry out the necessary studies for their professional development.
9 Students will be able to use their skills in the field of biological information in health, industry and industry organizations.
10 Students will be able to use their knowledge and skills in international programs.
11 Students will be able to organise and work on interdisciplinary teams.
12 Students will gain skills in oral and written communication.
13 Students will comprehend their professional, scientific and ethical responsibilities.
Course Structure Diagram with Credits ^
T : Theoretical P: Practice
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 ATA121 Ataturk's Principles and The History of Turkish Renovation I Compulsory 2 0 2
2 BYL111 General Biology I Compulsory 3 0 6
3 BYL113 General Biology Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
4 FZK105 General Physics I Compulsory 2 0 3
5 FZK107 General Physics Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
6 KMY105 General Chemistry I Compulsory 2 0 3
7 KMY107 General Chemistry Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
8 MAT105 General Mathematics Compulsory 2 0 3
9 TRD121 Turkish Language I Compulsory 2 0 2
10 YDZx121 Foreign Language I Elective 2 0 2
Total 15 6 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 ATA122 Principles of Ataturk II Compulsory 2 0 2
2 BYL112 General Biology II Compulsory 3 0 6
3 BYL114 General Biology Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
4 FZK106 General Physics II Compulsory 2 0 3
5 FZK108 General Physics Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
6 IST104 Biostatistic Compulsory 2 0 3
7 KMY106 General Chemistry II Compulsory 2 0 3
8 KMY108 General Chemistry Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
9 TRD122 Turkish Language II Compulsory 2 0 2
10 YDZx122 Foreign Language II Elective 2 0 2
Total 15 6 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL211 Animal Morphology and Systematics (Invertebrata) Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
2 BYL213 Animal Anatomy Compulsory 2 0 3
3 BYL215 Animal Anatomy Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
4 BYL221 Cell Biology Compulsory 3 0 4
5 BYL223 Cell Biology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
6 BYL225 Plant Morphology and Systematics I (Seedless) Compulsory 3 0 4
7 BYL227 Plant Morphology and Systematics (Seedless) Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
8 BYL229 Animal Morphology and Systematics (Invertebrata) I Compulsory 3 0 4
9 KMY201 Organic Chemistry I Compulsory 2 0 3
Total 13 8 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL210 Animal Morphology and Systematics (Vertebrata) II Compulsory 3 0 4
2 BYL212 Animal Morphology and Systematics (Vertebrata) Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
3 BYL214 Plant Anatomy Compulsory 2 0 3
4 BYL216 Plant Anatomy Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
5 BYL222 Histology Compulsory 3 0 4
6 BYL224 Histology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
7 BYL226 Plant Morphology and Systematic (Seeded) II Compulsory 3 0 4
8 BYL228 Plant Morphology and Systematic (Seeded) Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
9 KMY202 Organic Chemistry II Compulsory 2 0 3
Total 13 8 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL311 Microbiology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
2 BYL313 Plant Embryology Compulsory 3 0 3
3 BYL315 Plant Embryology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
4 BYL317 Animal Embryology Compulsory 3 0 3
5 BYL319 Animal Embryology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 2
6 BYL321 Genetics I Compulsory 2 2 5
7 BYL323 Microbiology Compulsory 3 0 3
8 BYL-S1 Elective - 1 Elective 2 0 2
9 KMY301 Biochemistry I Compulsory 2 0 3
10 KMY303 Biochemistry Laboratory I Compulsory 0 2 3
Total 15 10 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL310 Plant Physiology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
2 BYL314 Animal Physiology Compulsory 3 0 3
3 BYL316 Animal Physiology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
4 BYL322 Genetics II Compulsory 2 2 6
5 BYL324 Plant Physiology Compulsory 3 0 3
6 BYL-S2,3 Elective - 2-3 Elective 4 0 6
7 KMY302 Biochemistry II Compulsory 2 0 3
8 KMY304 Biochemistry Laboratory II Compulsory 0 2 3
Total 14 8 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL411 Human Anatomy and Physiology Compulsory 3 0 4
2 BYL413 Ecology Compulsory 3 0 4
3 BYL415 Molecular Biology I Compulsory 2 0 4
4 BYL417 Plant Pathology Compulsory 2 0 3
5 BYL419 Plant Pathology Laboratory Compulsory 0 2 3
6 BYL-S4,5,6,7 Elective - 4..7 Elective 8 0 12
Total 18 2 30
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL410 Evolution Compulsory 3 0 5
2 BYL414 Plant Protection Compulsory 2 0 4
3 BYL416 Molecular Biology II Compulsory 2 0 4
4 BYL-S8 Elective - 8 Elective 2 0 5
5 BYL-S9,10,11 Elective - 9-10-11 Elective 6 0 12
Total 15 0 30
Elective
1 . Semester > YDZx121 Foreign Language I
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 YDZA121 German I Compulsory 2 0 2
2 YDZF121 French I Compulsory 2 0 2
3 YDZI121 English I Compulsory 2 0 2
2 . Semester > YDZx122 Foreign Language II
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 YDZA122 German II Compulsory 2 0 2
2 YDZF122 French II Compulsory 2 0 2
3 YDZI122 English II Compulsory 2 0 2
5 . Semester > BYL-S1 Elective - 1
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL351 Environmental Pollution Compulsory 2 0 2
2 BYL353 General Mycology Compulsory 2 0 2
3 BYL357 Lichen Biology and Ecology Compulsory 2 0 2
4 BYL361 Molecular Biology of the Plants Compulsory 2 0 2
6 . Semester > BYL-S2,3 Elective - 2-3
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL362 Zoogeography Compulsory 2 0 3
2 BYL364 Plant Geography Compulsory 2 0 3
3 BYL366 Ecophysiology Compulsory 2 0 3
4 BYL368 Micropreparation Techniques Compulsory 2 0 3
5 BYL370 Epidemiology Compulsory 2 0 3
6 BYL372 Molecular Genetics Compulsory 2 0 3
7 . Semester > BYL-S4,5,6,7 Elective - 4..7
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL451 Human Genetics Compulsory 2 0 3
2 BYL453 Soil Science Compulsory 2 0 3
3 BYL455 History of Biology Compulsory 2 0 3
4 BYL457 Enzymology Compulsory 2 0 3
5 BYL459 Important Plant Areas of Turkey Compulsory 2 0 3
6 BYL461 Clinical Microbiology Compulsory 2 0 3
7 BYL463 Herbarium Techniques Compulsory 2 0 3
8 BYL467 Genetically Modified Organisms and Biosafety Compulsory 2 0 3
9 BYL469 Molecular Principles of Development Compulsory 2 0 3
10 BYL471 Endocrinology Compulsory 2 0 3
8 . Semester > BYL-S8 Elective - 8
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL460 Toxicology Compulsory 2 0 5
2 BYL462 Useful Plants Compulsory 2 0 5
3 BYL470 Biotechnology Compulsory 2 0 5
4 BYL474 Basic Immunology Compulsory 2 0 5
5 BYL476 Industrial Microorganisms Compulsory 2 0 5
6 BYL482 Introduction to Microbial Ecology Compulsory 2 0 5
8 . Semester > BYL-S9,10,11 Elective - 9-10-11
No Course Unit Code Course Unit Title Type of Course T P ECTS
1 BYL464 Flora of Turkey Compulsory 2 0 4
2 BYL466 Genetic Engineering Compulsory 2 0 4
3 BYL468 Geophytes of Turkey Compulsory 2 0 4
4 BYL472 Plant Sociology Compulsory 2 0 4
5 BYL478 Plant- Environment Relationships Compulsory 2 0 4
6 BYL480 Growth and Developmental Phisology of Plants Compulsory 2 0 4
7 BYL486 Entomology Compulsory 2 0 4

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